Do Cockroaches Have smells/odors?

The cockroach has a foul smell from glandular secretion

The female secretes a fragrant substance in which she announces her readiness for intercourse. The male picks it up with his horns

What smell attracts cockroaches?

Cockroaches are carnivorous insects, and although they can go for months without food, cockroaches will eat anything of nutritional value. They are particularly attracted to starch, sugar, fat, meat, cheese, and decaying food. They are also attracted to strong odors such as garbage, manure or Food crumbs on the floors in the kitchen

What smell do cockroaches hate?

Cockroaches hate the smell of garlic spices and crushed onions, so it is recommended to spray a few of them in the areas of their appearance, to get rid of cockroaches permanently. Baking soda or sodium bicarbonate is similar to boric acid, but is less toxic and can be used in homes with children and pets.

Cockroaches have a nose?

How different smells affect cockroaches and kill them?

Does perfume odor kill cockroaches?

Floors should be mopped regularly with a strong aromatic liquid such as citronella oil, or any vinyl cleaner because the strong smell will repel any cockroach that goes out to look for food, because they hate strong smells, but the floor must be dried well after cleaning

Does vinegar smell kill insects?

The strong smell of vinegar helps keep insects away completely, and the best way is to saturate the edges of the affected area such as under it and around the furniture with distilled white vinegar. At least and repeat the process again after a week

How do I get rid of the smell of cockroaches?

The following are natural methods that help to get rid of cockroaches in the house forever, easily and securely:

  • Eliminate food sources
  • use bay leaf
  • Use soap and water
  • Use of essential oils
  • The use of boric acid and sugar
  • Water leak repair
  • use lemon
  • Contact pest control companies

Do cockroaches have a nose that can smell different smells and distinguish them?

A cockroach can live for a while after its head is cut off;
The cockroach can continue to live for several weeks after its head is cut off, and the reason for this is that it does not have a nose or lungs, which means that oxygen can enter its body and reach the cells through the bronchioles that connect to the outer shell of the cockroach’s body, and This continues until he begins to feel hungry and suffers to death.

When does the winter mosquito appear? How do I get rid of it?

Mosquitoes or mosquitoes usually disappear with low temperatures in the winter, but they do not disappear completely, as they have their ways of hiding during very cold times, and some types of mosquitoes enter what is called a “hibernation state”, especially in areas where a warm spring comes after a cold winter, It stays in its lairs until the temperatures improve, and then starts reappearing.

We are going to devote this post to answering the question “When does winter mosquito appear?”, mentioning how to get rid of it at home, so continue reading.

When does the winter mosquito appear? Some types of mosquitoes go into hibernation during cold weather, while others wait for the spring to come out, and other types come out on warm winter days, for this reason mosquitoes appear on sunny days in winter.

A few mosquitoes hatch in the fall, hiding at the bottom of swimming pools to protect themselves from freezing, while adult mosquitoes die when the weather gets cold, but leave their young, or “winter eggs,” which live in frigid temperatures, and lie dormant in the ground like Seeds, until temperatures improve and come out then.

Read also: Get rid of mosquito bites in 6 natural ways How do I get rid of winter mosquitoes in the house?

Every woman is keen to make her home clean and free of any insects, and she does everything in her power to achieve this.

mosquitoes winter appear

Through the following lines, we will present to you simple and effective ways to get rid of mosquitoes:

  1. Check doors and windows: the main source of insects entering your home are the gaps in the windows and doors, be sure to seal them, to prevent mosquitoes from entering completely, and there can be holes in the metal wires installed on the windows, look for them and treat them as well.
  2. Use an ultrasonic insecticide: Ultrasound insecticide devices emit annoying frequencies to insects, and drive them out of the house, and the beautiful thing is that it is not harmful to you or your family, as it does not release any chemicals that negatively affect health.
  3. Expel it with camphor oil: camphor oil has many health benefits, such as treating burns, relieving pain, and treating arthritis pain , as well as a good mosquito repellent, all you have to do, put a quantity of it in every room of the house, with all doors and windows closed,
  4. Leave it for 15 to 20 minutes, then open it again, you can do this before leaving the house so that the smell does not bother you.
  5. Kill its larvae with garlic: Garlic contains natural antioxidants, helps prevent Alzheimer’s disease , and lowers blood pressure, in addition to being mosquito repellent thanks to its strong pungent smell and properties that help exterminate mosquito larvae, all you have to do is crush some garlic cloves, and boil them in Water for a while, pour the mixture into a bottle, and spray all corners of the house with it, this will prevent mosquitoes from approaching your house.
  6. Get rid of it in an ice bowl: We exhale carbon dioxide so mosquitoes are attracted to us, and it also emits snow, so all you have to do is put it in a bowl, and when mosquitoes are attracted to it, close the lid. Although this method is time consuming, it is very effective and safe for your family.
  7. Use the mosquito trap: The mosquito trap looks like a traditional solution, but it is effective and inexpensive, and it is available in markets and supermarkets, use it to kill mosquitoes quickly.

What Insects are Abundant During November and December This Year?

Household Insects are the most abundant and common during the November and December every year, and below are examples of the seasonal insects that appear from the beginning of November to the end of December this year and every year during this period.

  1. Indianmeal moth:
indian-meal-moth phases
indian-meal-moth phases

Also spelled as Indian meal moth and Indian-meal moth, is a pyraloid moth of the family Pyralidae., Adults are most commonly observed flying about homes during early winter. The larvae are the most common stored-food pests in homes and grocery stores, but they don’t bite. Vacuum the area, then clean with a vinegar-and-water solution.

  1. Fungus gnats:

From families Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae. They love places where humidity and moisture are high. Adults begin to be observed around windows and around the soil of potted plants where they originate. They are a common pest of indoor-plants, but do fungus gnats bite?. Infested-plants suffers from sudden wilting, loss of vigor, poor growth, and yellowing. Best solutions are Indoor Plug-In Zapper and apple-cider-vinegar trap or similar traps. Look what do gnats like?

  1. Boxelder bugs, conifer seed bugs, multicolored Asian lady beetles:
conifer seed bugs

Overwintering adults continue to be active in and around homes during warm days.

Boxelder bugs feces can stain light-colored surfaces but don’t bite or eat plants, however, their dead bodies may attract other bad insects that feed on them, Pouring boiling water on Boxelder bugs to kill them easily.

Multicolored Asian lady beetles: They are pests of tree’s aphids, some of them can accidently bite like horse-flies an open-skin bites, may stain surfaces, and touching dead beetles can cause allergic reactions like mosquito allergy

Conifer seed bugs and other sluggish, slow moving bugs: You can get rid of them by simply vacuum cleaner and spraying the outside south and west facing walls of homes with a long lasting insecticide.

  1. Fruit flies:

Flies from overripe fruit continue to be present in homes from last months. They attracted to moist, fermenting fruits and vegetables, they also drawn to food waste places such as drains, garbage disposals, empty bottles and cans, trash bags, cleaning rags and mops, unless you cut-off the sources of fruit flies food they won’t just go away on its own.

Vinegar (ACV) or Baking Soda (bicarb), Which one Does Work for Neutralization of Bee Sting Venom? and stop Allergic reactions

That is Why Vinegar does not work for bee stings? and why Baking Soda works well for Bee stings?

The question: Can Vinegar acid neutralize Bee venom and reduce pain of Bee sting? and why can’t?

Answer in points:

  • What compose the Bee venom? and if it’s acidic or alkali content?
  • Is Bee venom sting acidic or alkaline, and why?
  • What are best substitutes and alternatives of vinegar for Bee stings?
  • What is working best to stop painful reaction after Bee stings? ACV or Bicarb?

It is known that vinegar of all kinds is one of the most important home remedies that are easy to use for insect bites and to expel annoying creatures as well, but can vinegar neutralize bee venom and stop a severely accelerated allergic reaction?

Scientifically: The reason for using vinegar as a home remedy is its pungent smell and vinegar acidity, which some people claim is effective against the poison that the bee injects into the stinging hole. But is the acidity of vinegar really able to interact with bee venom and stop its strong effect?

Why is it wrong to treat a bee sting with vinegar?

Let us remember that the theory says that “the acidity of vinegar is what helps to stop the basicity of the venom of a wasp sting, but the opposite is true for bees, meaning that the acidity of vinegar cannot do anything to bee venom, and therefore it is not useful at all for treating bee stings.”

Here is some scientific information that support and prove that saying if you want to understand…

What does a bee sting contain?

Using a stinger to open the skin, that’s how the Bee stings human skin, next the bee secrete chemicals that cause swelling and itchiness around the sting area. Some people show a more-serious immune system reaction multiple-times larger than the mosquito allergic reaction called Skeeter syndrome.

Given Chemistry information may answer the question

What is the chemical composition of bee venom?

The Bee venom Sting have acids inside, therefore can’t neutralized by acids

  • Does a bee sting contain acetic acid?
  • If you were asking Bee sting contains which acid?
  • Does Honey bee sting acidic or basic?

The correct answer for all questions like that: Yes, Bee sting venom has a chemical acid named “formic acid”, that’s why bee sting is acidic?

Generally, formic acid as it is the responsible for acidity of bee venom, it also found in the stings of beetles bites and ant stings and bites of other insects.

Also, the major organic acid that present in honey is the gluconic acid, thus the Honey Bee and Bee venom are acidic chemicals.

Bee sting ph level is 4.5 to 5.5, Bee venom is odor-less color-less liquid with medium pH about 5, which means that the Bee venom has moderate acidity.

White distilled vinegar pH around 2.5, also the pH of apple cider vinegar is around 2.5 as well, both vinegar types are Acidic in chemical nature and called Acetic acid.

If you’re not familiar of chemistry words, pH in chemistry is a measure of acidity, what given 1 means it’s the most acidic while 7 being neutral, also any number greater than 7 means basicity or alkalinity.

Baking Soda pH around 8.0, so that it is an alkali or a base in chemistry, also named sodium bicarbonate (bicarb in short words).

Neutralization reaction requirements

A neutralization reaction occurs by letting acid and a base react, they form water and a salt, that what does Bee venom neutralization mean in chemistry?

The neutralization of a strong acid and strong base has a pH equal to 7.

From the chemistry basics: neutralization reaction occurs when we add an acid (i.e. formic acid in bee sting venom) to an alkali (i.e. bicarbonate of soda). This reaction reduces the pain.

But, when we add vinegar (which is chemically named the acetic acid) to the Bee venom (which is acidic as well) no neutralization reaction happens, so that the vinegar has no effect on Bee venom, and therefore can’t neutralize the Bee venom, also vinegar can’t stop the serious immune system reaction after Bee stings.

However, when we add the vinegar over the stung skin by a Bee, we may feel less itching.

Alternatives to vinegar for Bee venom stings

what can substitute the using of vinegar as a cheap handy remedy for severe Bee stings?

  • Put Ice cubes or applying a cold compresses is the traditional treatment that help reduce painful itching, minimize swelling and can help alleviate pain after Bee stinging. Note: remove the stinger first. and remember you don’t have to dunk the whole area in ice.
  • Motrin or Advil are some types of Anti-inflammatory treatments that also may help
  • Hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion are common choice treatments for itching and redness.
  • Interestingly, Cold and heat both can be used for alleviation of Bee sting pain and itching although they can’t denature the bee venom inside the sting, so if you place administrated concentrated heat (as hot as the person can stand it, without burning skin) on the local bee sting, within 20 minutes you may notice the dominant pain reduction effect, amelioration of sting symptoms, and even an absence of symptoms. .

How to neutralize a bee sting effectively?

How to make baking soda paste for Bee venom sting?

  1. Mix one large table spoon of baking soda (Bicarb) with a half cup of water.
  2. Using a rod or a spoon to homogenize the paste well.
  3. Over the stung skin area, apply a pile of bicarb paste.
  4. Remember to remove the stinger first.
  5. Leave the paste on the skin about an hour to let it soaked into the stung swelling and do the neutralization reaction that wanted.
  6. You may notice improvement of swelling and pain after 30 minutes, however yo may use anti-histamine pills to support the baking soda paste in its job.

So that, if you were asking “what is the best substance to neutralize a bee sting?” and “does white vinegar help bee stings?” The correct answer is: Baking soda is the best for Bee venom neutralization while swabbing vinegar on the stinging area keep you avoiding clawing at the bite (vinegar act as an astringent) and prevent infection or inflammation.

My conclusion:

Using baking soda is preferred than vinegar to neutralize the acidic venom of bee sting thus nullifies its effect, in other words invalidate the effect of bee venom, this chemical reaction produce salty products and some heat which in turn can help soothe the itching for some degree, although the bitten person must immediately apply soda paste after removing the stinger. If the person delayed the application of bicarb paste, the venom will accelerate the allergic reaction very fast and close the opening caused by bee stinger, and therefore baking soda can’t absorbed into the bee wound, in this case it will preferred to use anti-allergic to stop the swelling and anti-itching cream to stop the urge to itch, thus either the vinegar and soda will not be effective.

But why Bee honey might not used for bee stings venom?, that is another topic for later days, follow me…

What are the components of a mosquito’s body? with pictures

Mosquitoes are relatively small insects, averaging over 6 mm in length, weighing about 2.5 milligrams, and their body consists of three basic parts: the head, thorax, and abdomen.

What is a mosquito?

Mosquitoes , a group of about 3,500 species of small insects that are a type of flies, mosquitoes have a slender segmented body, one pair of wings, three pairs of legs, antennae, and a proboscis. The life cycle of a mosquito consists of the egg, larva, pupae, and adult. On the surface of the water, they hatch into mobile larvae that feed on aquatic algae and organic matter.

Females in most species have a tube-like mouth (called a proboscis), which can pierce the skin, in what is called a bite, in order to extract blood, and proteins that are necessary for reproduction, Thousands of species feed on the blood of different hosts: primarily vertebrates, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and even some species of fish, and some invertebrates, especially other arthropods. This blood loss is rarely significant to the host, and mosquito saliva can cause Transmitted to the host with the bite causes itching and rash.

In addition, many types of mosquitoes inject pathogenic organisms with this bite, and thus are carriers of a large number of diseases, such as malaria, yellow fever, West Nile virus, dengue fever, filariasis, Zika virus, and others, so mosquitoes kill more than any other animal More than 700,000 years old, the oldest known mosquitoes with an anatomy similar to modern species, are found in the 79 million-year-old Canadian amber of the Cretaceous period , and the larger sister species with more primitive features are found in Burmese amber, which range from 90 to 100 million years ago, two mosquito fossils were found that show only very little change in modern mosquitoes from 46 million years ago, and recent studies indicate that the earliest divergence of mosquitoes, between the lineages leading to Anophelinae and Culicinae occurred 226 million years ago.

Basic parts of a mosquito’s body

Mosquito structure. The extent to which people know very little about mosquitoes. Most people are familiar with the annoying, blood-sucking, buzzing bugs. Not many people know that only female mosquitoes can bite, and that some types of mosquitoes can travel up to 40 miles to eat their food. Although mosquitoes are often viewed as a pest, knowing about a mosquito’s body composition and life cycle can give interesting and useful facts.

Mosquito body components: Like many insects, the body of a mosquito can be divided into 3 sections: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen.

body parts of a mosquito
  1. Head

A mosquito’s head is packed with sensory equipment, which helps mosquitoes find people and animals to feed on. The head of the mosquito is round and bears the two compound eyes of the insect.

Be aware that compound eyes are made up of hundreds (maybe thousands) of tiny lenses. This is what helps the mosquito to carry out precise attacks.

A mosquito’s head also bears antennae and mouthparts.

The male mosquito has mouth parts that allow him to suck nectar, while the female allows the mouth parts to cut through the skin and prepare her meal from human blood, depending on the blood type that the mosquito loves .

Although both sexes feed on nectar, only females bite.

Mosquitoes’ antennas help them sense movement in the air.

They are so sensitive that using them a male mosquito can distinguish between a female mosquito’s wing stroke and a male mosquito’s wing stroke, which is one of the reasons why mosquitoes buzz around the ear and because female mosquitoes also like to get carbon dioxide.

The compound eyes

The mosquito has two large compound eyes covered with small lenses called ommatidia, which are able to detect any slight movement, and on the head of the mosquito there are also eyes, which are simple photosensitive eyes, that can detect differences in light.

The antennas

Mosquitoes have their own antennae, and these horns stick out of their heads, and they contain sensitive receptors that detect carbon dioxide in human breath, from distances of more than 100 feet, and can detect the smell of chemicals that are released in human sweat.

The hose

There is also in the middle between the antennae, a hose with a long serrated tip, used to puncture the skin and suck blood, and this hose contains two tubes, one of which injects saliva, which contains a pain reliever and a mild anticoagulant, and the second that draws blood. these are the chemicals causing allergic reactions too mosquito bites.

  1. Chest

The thorax of the mosquito is attached to the head, and it consists of an onyx, a pair of wings, a pair of halters, and small wing-like devices used for orientation, that grow from the thorax, and the legs come from the chest, and they are six, with small claws at the end of each to help mosquitoes survive.

The second part of a mosquito’s body is the thorax. The thorax in the mosquito’s body is divided into three small sections, the Prothorax, which is closest to the head, the Mesothorax, which is the middle part of the thorax, and third one which is the part closest to the back end.

Each of these subsections contains a pair of legs. The mesothorax has wings while the prothorax has a pair of spiracles, which are small holes that allow air to enter the mosquito’s body. Instead of lungs, mosquitoes have a series of tubes that connect to their body. These tubes are called the trachea and they help deliver oxygen to the mosquito’s various tissues.

  1. Belly or Abdomen

The abdomen hangs from the rib cage and serves as the stomach and lungs of mosquitoes.

The rear end of the mosquito is called the abdomen. There are 10 sections in the mosquito’s abdomen, each with a pair of respiratory openings except for the first, ninth, and tenth sections. The ninth section contains a hole for the passage of sexual materials. The tenth section contains the male or female sexual organs, according to the sex of the insect.

The respiratory openings

Small openings called (spiracles) open the sides of the abdomen, allowing mosquitoes to capture air, where the abdomen carries the blood received by the mosquito, and the abdominal nerve sends signals when it is full, and the eggs of the female are stored in the abdomen, and scientists use these small differences in the shape and color of the abdomen , as well as in the length of the upper jaw and wings, to identify the different species of mosquitoes.

Mosquito life cycle

The first stage of the mosquito’s life cycle is the egg. The eggs are usually laid in water or moist soil. Depending on the species, the eggs can stick together or float independently, on their own. Most mosquito eggs hatch after 48 hours. If the eggs are laid close to winter, the eggs can survive, until they hatch when temperatures rise.

List of Mosquito-borne diseases

Allergic reactions and skeeter syndrome are the basic harms of mosquito bites, but there are many other dangers that can be happen if a mosquito pierce your skin, including the below viruses…

Zika virus

Symptoms of this virus are mild, for most people. They are fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes. The real danger is to the pregnant woman and the fetus.

This virus is linked to a birth defect called microcephaly, which causes microcephaly and brain damage. Mosquitoes spread this disease in many parts of the world including Brazil, other countries in South and Central America, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia.

Dengue fever

It is rare in the United States, but it appears in places popular with tourists such as Puerto Rico, the Pacific Islands, Latin America, and Southeast Asia.

The person suffering from dengue fever suffers from problems such as rash, fever, headache, easy bruising, and bleeding gums. It can sometimes lead to hemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal. Therefore, the mosquitoes that cause this fever are among the most dangerous types of mosquitoes .

The only FDA-approved vaccine is for children ages 9 to 16 who have been previously infected with one of the four dengue viruses to help them avoid being reinfected by one of these viruses.

West Nile Virus

A person who has been bitten by a mosquito carrying this virus may not have any symptoms. However, some people may have a fever, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting, or a rash. Pay attention to rare complications, such as brain infections called encephalitis or meningitis.

There is no vaccine for this disease, which appears in every state, except for Alaska and Hawaii.

Malaria

It is rare in the United States, but nearly half of the world’s population is at risk of contracting this disease. Most cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa, but transmission also occurs in South America, southern Asia and many other regions. Symptoms include fever, headache, chills, and vomiting.

Yellow fever

This disease takes its name from one of its symptoms, jaundice, which can make the skin and eyes look yellow. Less serious infections cause headaches, backaches, chills, and vomiting. There is a vaccine that prevents this fever, so a person must get the vaccine if he wants to travel to places in Africa and Latin America where this disease is common.

Chikungunya Virus

A mosquito-borne disease , it takes its name from an African language and refers to the curved appearance that people may have due to severe joint pain. Symptoms also include a rash, headache, nausea, and fatigue. The disease spreads mainly in Asia and India, and has begun to spread to Europe and the Americas. There is no cure for this virus, however most people recover. In some cases, symptoms can last for months or even years.

The eggs hatch and become watery larvae or larvae, which swim in a jerky, twisting motion. In most species, the larvae feed on algae and organic debris, although a few are predatory and may feed on mosquitoes. The life cycle of mosquitoes varies greatly, depending on the species.

Mosquito-borne diseases control methods

The best effective way to avoid getting infected with viruses spread by mosquitoes at home or while traveling somewhere, or to get rid of mosquitoes by natural methods is to prevent mosquito bites. Mosquito bites can be more than just annoying and itchy bites. They can spread viruses that cause illness and, in rare cases, death. Although most mosquito species are just annoying and not dangerous, some mosquito species in the United States and other regions around the world spread viruses that can cause disease. Mosquitoes bite during the day and night, and they live indoors and outdoors, in warm, humid places. Mosquito season begins in summer and lasts until autumn. To avoid mosquito bites, various methods can be followed, including:

What do mosquitoes hate?

  • Use insect repellent: When used as directed by the Environmental Protection Agency, insect repellent is safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  • Wear long-sleeved clothes and long pants.
  • Try to keep mosquitoes outside, by using air conditioners. In the event that it is not possible to protect the person from mosquitoes at home, it is recommended to sleep under a bed net, which is an effective mosquito control method .
  • If you experience symptoms such as fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, and rash during travel, see your health care provider immediately for appropriate treatment.
  • Repel mosquitoes with sound-based tools.

How to Treat Eikenella corrodens Bacteria in Human Bites on Face, hands, and Legs (oral and non-oral infections)

Many are bitten by animals, and the bite can cause a minor wound, but it can be accompanied by serious complications. One of the most serious complications of bites is rabies, or rabies. So you should know what to do when bitten.

Studies have revealed that the human bite is the second most common bite in emergency rooms, and it may be more dangerous than the bite of some predators, and the reason for this is due to the types of bacteria and viruses present in the human mouth. The human mouth contains millions of microbes that coexist inside the mouth between the teeth and gum pockets, and turn into harmful microbes by transferring them to other tissues through biting.

The most common pathogens associated with bite wounds are Streptococcus species, Staphylococcus species, Pasteurella multocida, Capnocytophaga canimorsus and anaerobic bacteria.

Sporadically other pathogens are isolated from bite wounds. Human bites differ from animal bites by higher prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and Eikenella corrodens.

Infected human bites yield a similar spectrum of bacteria except for Pasteurellae and C. canimorsus; instead human bites are frequently complicated by Eikenella corrodens. When does the Allergic Reaction Appear?

What is the definition of Eikenella corrodens?

Eikenella corrodens is a Gram-negative facultative anaerobic bacillus that can cause severe invasive disease in humans.

E. corrodens is a rare pericarditis associated pathogen.

It is a fastidious, slow growing, human commensal bacillus, capable of acting as an opportunistic pathogen and causing abscesses in several anatomical sites, including the liver, lung, spleen, and submandibular region.

E. corrodens could independently cause serious infection in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts

Eikenella corrodens, a gram negative rod, was cultured in about one third of 24 patients with human bite wounds. The organism was sensitive to penicillin but not to methicillin. Clinically the infections in which Eikenella corrodens were found were not different from other infections.

Most of patients in this series required surgical drainage. Surgical treatment consists of thorough exploration, exteriorization and excision of devitalized tissues. Complications were more frequent in sutured wounds, or when surgical drainage was delayed.

Animal Bite wounds

Animal Bites human dogs cats rats mice bats

Different from Mosquito bites or any insect stings

Human bites: Children are more susceptible to this type of bite, as a result of playing with an aggressive child. The bite is semi-circular, or oval, and red. It may leave bruises or holes in the place of the teeth. These bites are often on the face, upper extremities, or trunk.

Dog bites: often happen to children, and the most famous places for bites are the head and neck. In adults, the places of bites are often in the arms and legs, especially the right hand. Injuries range from scrapes, deep open wounds, and lacerations, and dog bites rarely lead to death.

are frequently located on the face; injuries inflicted by dogs are most common, especially in children. Bacteriology of infected dog and cat bite wounds includes Pasteurella multocida, Staphylococcus aureus, viridans streptococci, Capnocytophaga canimorsus, and oral anaerobes.

Cats injury: is often to the upper extremities, such as: the arms, hands, or the face. Deep wounds are a concern; Because cats have long and sharp teeth; So it is possible for bacteria to reach the bone, or joint, leading to inflammation. If infection occurs, it causes redness, swelling, and severe pain as quickly as 12 to 24 hours after the bite.

Rodent bites: The most famous of these are mice, and bites occur at night, often on the hands or face.

Antibiotic therapy against E. corrodens bacteria

It is indicated both for infected bite wounds and fresh wounds considered at risk for infection.

E. corrodens infections of the head and neck occur most frequently in the tonsil even in hosts with normal immunity. Coexistence with Streptococcus milleri group bacteria and the use of ineffective antibiotics can be exacerbating factors. First-choice drugs for E. corrodens infections should be third-generation cephems, carbapenems, or new quinolones.

Amoxicillin-clavulanate (and other combinations of extended-spectrum penicillins with beta-lactamase inhibitors) and moxifloxacin offer the best in vitro coverage of the pathogenic flora. Initial wound management consisting in irrigation and debridement is at least equally important with antibiotics for prevention of infection.

Successful antibiotic therapy

It can be achieved with benzylpenicillin or ampicillin which are the drugs of choice. E. corrodens is a slow growing bacterium of low virulence, rarely isolated in current practice because of its unusual association with conditions such as human bites, infections of the oral cavity or immuno-suppressive therapy.

The lifetime risk of experiencing a bite wound, human or animal, is approximately 50%, and bite wounds account for approximately 1% of all visits to emergency departments. The majority of bite wounds are inflicted by dogs and cats.

The need for prophylaxis against systemic infectious complications

particularly tetanus, should also be evaluated. Primary surgical repair is the treatment of choice for most clinically uninfected facial bite wounds, whereas delayed closure should be reserved for certain high risk or already infected wounds.

It is important to be aware of the possibility of complicating infections following bite wounds, particularly after cat bites.

Clinicians must have a high index of suspicion when evaluating any hand injury and clenched fist injuries of the hand should be treated by early adequate surgical debridement followed by IV penicillin given until operative cultures confirm or deny contamination with Eikenella corrodens.

Treatment of infections associated with cat and dog bites

Phenoxymethyl penicillin should be the drug of choice in treatment of infections associated with cat and dog bites. However, in case of slow recovery or no improvement, simultaneous lymphadenopathy or pneumonia, S. aureus or Francisella tularensis should be suspected; ciprofloxacin is recommended. For human bite infections the recommend treatment is phenoxymethyl penicillin in combination with penicillinase-stable penicillin.

Avulsive injuries with significant tissue loss represent the most difficult cases for definitive management and are also those most likely to require hospitalization.

a prospective study with serial aerobic, anaerobic, and 10% CO(2) cultures is needed to confirm these findings. Lack of organization in management was the most notable finding. Inpatient therapy with intravenous antibiotics usually is required. Treatment should revolve around the mnemonic ‘ODD BITES’: open treatment; debridement; drugs (antibiotics); bloodwork (leukocyte count); irrigation; tetanus prophylaxis; exploration (including X-rays); and swab (for culture and sensitivity).

Contaminated injuries

It is estimated that 250,000 human bites occur each year in the United States, mostly in children. Up to 25% of these infections are contaminated, indicating that the most feared diseases are hepatitis B and tetanus.

Although these diseases do not occur with every bite, hepatitis and tetanus may occur, especially in infected bites.

Complications of infection

The bite may cause complications such as infection, permanent disability or even amputation in some cases. The reason to saliva, which contains millions of bacteria that can cause infection, in addition to the hand itself and the microbes it may contain.

Hand bite

Professor Stephen Kennedy of the University of Washington in Seattle stated that “hand bite” in particular needs medical care, and it is necessary to take antibiotics to reduce infection and complications that can occur in 30-50% of cases.

Regarding the bite of children, it is less dangerous than adults, because adults can have gingivitis and the mouth contains more bacteria.

procedures

Regarding the measures that should be taken if a person is bitten by a person and penetrates the skin, Stop the bleeding by applying pressure to it using a clean cloth, and then wash the wound with water, apply an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection, and then bandage the affected area with a clean bandage.

It is reported that, according to the medical website “health day”, there is new research that reviewed many previous studies, which revealed the need to receive medical care and go to the doctor in case of a bite that causes the penetration of the teeth embedded in the skin of the hand, whether from a human or an animal, in order to prevent possible complications. .

To care for a human bite that has caused a skin wound

  1. Stop bleeding by applying pressure to the wound with a clean, dry cloth
  2. Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water
  3. Apply a clean bandage
  4. Cover the injured area with a medical non-adhesive bandage
  5. Seek urgent medical attention

Risk of exposure to rabies:
Everyone who has been bitten by animals such as: raccoon, fox, wolf bat, needs immediate medical attention, even if the injury is minor; Where these animals may be carriers of rabies.

First Aid for Dealing with Animal and Human Bites:

One of common at home remedies, Washing the wound with soap and water; This reduces the incidence of infection.
Provide emergency medical attention such as:

In minor wounds:

  1. Wash the wound carefully.
  2. Apply an antibiotic cream.
  3. Cover the wound with clean gauze.
  4. See the emergency immediately if the wound is red, pain, high body temperature, swelling appears, or if you suspect that the dog was rabid.

In deep wounds:

  1. apply pressure to clean gauze; to stop the bleeding.
  2. When you are unable to stop the bleeding, or if you feel very tired, you should call an ambulance.
  3. Go to the doctor as soon as possible; to examine the wound.

When to see a doctor:

  1. ​When there is severe bleeding that does not stop after pressing on it for 15 minutes, or a feeling of severe pain.
  2. When you notice a rise in body temperature, or when the wound is red, pain, or swelling appears.
  3. If the bite is deep, and it has been five years since the last tetanus vaccination.
  4. If the bite wound is large.
  5. If the patient suffers from diabetes, liver disease, cancer, a weak immune system.

Causes of Ticks invasion in the house and quickly effective ticks treatment

Causes of ticks appearing in the home and effective tick treatment quickly
What are the causes of ticks appearing in the house?
Causes of the appearance of ticks in the house and methods of transmission
Ticks are present in the house as a result of several factors that help in this, and among the reasons for the presence of ticks in the house and their appearance:
Where are ticks in the house?
Treating ticks at home
Seal cracks and gaps before treating ticks at home
Treating infected animals to reduce the appearance of ticks in the home
Treating ticks with vinegar and does vinegar kill ticks – know the answer and how to use
Information about ticks from German research centers
Scientific questions and answers about ticks and ways to get rid of ticks quickly

What Causes ticks in the house?

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” Ticks ” are parasitic insects that feed mainly on blood, and therefore they are classified among the insects that threaten homes, whether for residents of the house or for pets that are raised in the house. Ticks in the home and effective ” tick treatment ” at the time of its appearance.

Ticks invasion

Why Ticks appeared in my house?

The reasons for the appearance of ticks in the house are many and varied, but the main reason for the appearance of ticks is the availability of the host body, which is the source of providing these insects with the means of food and staying for long periods, so we review some of these reasons and what are the factors that help ticks to appear in the house.

Methods of transmission

Ticks are present in the house as a result of several factors that help in this, and among the reasons are the following:

  • The presence of pets infected with ticks, and this makes him a carrier of the infection, and it is very easy to spread it in the home because of this animal.
  • Cats and dogs are among the animals most affected by ticks, and they are also the easiest animals to enter homes.
  • These animals can transmit ticks from outside and bring them into the house and start infection.
  • The presence of some waste and droppings near the house may help the emergence of ticks and then enter the house without feeling
  • While wandering in the open air or agricultural places, it is possible for ticks to move from these places with clothes and return with you to the house, and then the infection and spread also begin.
  • Wet and unclean places in the house are a good environment for the spread of ticks, so the places that may help the spread of ticks and their crawl to the rest of the house must be cleaned.
  • Mice may be considered among the animals that are infected with ticks, and these mice can transmit some ticks inside the house if they enter and wander around your house.
  • Where are ticks in the house?
  • When the tick appears in the house, it may take some places to live, but the “ tick ” tries as much as possible to live near the food source or the host bodies. If the house is infected with ticks, you may find it in the bathroom as a result of high humidity in it.
  • Blood, ticks may also be present in bedrooms, in cracks, near sleeping places and pillows, so that it is easy for him to infect a person while he is asleep and starts feeding on his blood.

Tick treatment at home

Many people ask about the best ways to treat ticks at home at the time of their appearance.

There are several things that must be followed to treat ticks at home.

Before treatment, you must also search for the source causing the infection and treat it first before starting to eliminate the tick itself.

The primary treatment methods for ticks are: The house is in the following:

  • Seal cracks and gaps before treating ticks at home
  • The first steps to treat ticks at home is to close any sources that may be the reason for their entry into the house, such as cracks and gaps that overlook streets or other homes or allow the entry of animals from outside covered with ticks.
  • Treating infected animals to reduce the appearance of ticks in the home

To prevent the emergence and spread of ticks more in the home, pets that are in your home must be treated because they will be the center of infection and the mediator of transmission, and this is done by providing the necessary care and treatment on an ongoing basis, whether the infection has already occurred or to prevent any infection in the future.
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Treating cats and dogs from ticks at home is done by using “ tick collars” or by topical treatments for this, or by using some natural elements to combat ticks.

To treat ticks at home and prevent their appearance in the future, any waste or waste near the house should be removed. These insects help lay eggs in them and increase their spread, and then enter your home.

Disinfection methods must be followed in the home on a permanent basis, whether by using chlorine to combat and kill ticks around the house, or by using vinegar also, it may be suitable to keep ticks away for long periods of time from the house.

Treating ticks with vinegar and does vinegar kill ticks?

One of the biggest problems that dog breeders encounter is the problem of infection with the “ tick ” insect , and this is due to the danger of this insect to dogs and the residents of the house as well, as it depends entirely on sucking blood and it is possible that the matter develops and the tick causes the transmission of some diseases to your dog, so Many people are looking for natural ways to eliminate ticks and at the same time do not have any side effects that threaten the life of the animal. Among the natural methods of “ tick treatment” is the treatment of ticks with vinegar and the correct method of use in combating ticks with vinegar. Is vinegar really capable of cleaning dogs? From ” ticks ” and insects, all these things will be explained in this important report and the treatment of ticks with vinegar.

Treating ticks with vinegar
The tick is an intrusive insect and it has a certain method in sucking the blood of animals, as it relies to do this by sticking to the animal’s skin in a strong way and can establish itself for long periods of time and after that the tick makes a hole in the skin and this hole makes it suck the amount of blood it wants with ease, vinegar plays the role This is significant in this matter as a result of the availability of strong acidic substances that affect ticks and make them leave the animal without benefiting from its blood and fail in its attempt to suck blood and stick to it.

How to treat ticks with vinegar in dogs and animals
Ticks can be treated with vinegar in dogs and animals or as a prevention from infection with any insects. This process is done by placing an amount of vinegar in a sprayer or spray bottle, you bring the infected dog, but be careful during the treatment with vinegar that you do this outside the house, vinegar will force ticks, fleas and any other insects To migrate from dogs and hide anywhere around the house, so the dog must be placed in a place far from the house and cleaned.

Half of the sprayer is filled with vinegar and the other half with perfumed soap and you wash the dog well with wearing gloves in the hand, massage the dog’s fur with this mixture and come back at the end and rinse the dog with clean water again after using the vinegar.

Treating ticks with vinegar at home and repel insects

This method of “ treatment of ticks” with vinegar is done by bringing a sprayer or a ready-to-spray container and filling this container half with water and the other half with vinegar with the addition of a little scented soap. There are some types of soap available with an orange or lemon scent.

Whenever you find a urine or feces stain around the house, remove it first with paper towels and then use the prepared package to spray the area. Leave for a few minutes.
Then clean it well with a wet towel. Spray again on the area and allow it to dry.
Don’t worry about the vinegar smell it will gradually go away within a few minutes and the dish soap will leave a nice clean smell.

Vinegar is a tick and flea repellent from your home

Use the same mixture and spray carpets, curtains and corners around your home daily. I also keep one in my car to spray chairs and pedals every now and then. The smell of vinegar will repel ticks and fleas, and dish soap will kill them. This is a safe way to keep them away.

Vinegar keeps your dog’s fur clean and keeps ticks and fleas away

Rub slightly diluted vinegar on your dog’s coat every time before you leave the house, especially in the hot summer. You can use white vinegar or apple cider vinegar. This keeps ticks and fleas away and will leave your dog’s fur soft and shiny.

Vinegar refreshes your home and keeps the smell of wet dogs away

Wipe the floors of your house using about a cup of vinegar added to a bucket of water and leave the window open for half an hour. Vinegar refreshes and eliminates dog odors throughout the home, and repels insects. Do this at least twice a week.

Apple cider vinegar helps with immunity and skin problems

Feeding your dog 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar helps with itchy skin and rashes. You can add it to food or water. It also strengthens the immune system, lowers cholesterol and detoxifies the kidneys

Vinegar keeps dogs from biting furniture

Most of them hate him. Spray the vinegar on the furniture to prevent the dog from biting. Dogs tend to do this around the time of teething or when they are bored. So you need to train them not to do that and keep them away from the furniture.

Does vinegar kill ticks?

Ticks are characterized by a hard outer layer in the back area, and this layer prevents vinegar from killing ticks , so the answer to the question (Does vinegar kill ticks), of course not, vinegar will not kill ticks, but vinegar will remove ticks from the place or migrate if an infection occurs.

Recently, a lot of questions related to the fight against ticks have spread, whether it is the control of ticks with vinegar or the fight against ticks with jazz and other means.

Among the questions that were received in this regard are the following:

It is very easy to combat ticks naturally, but every person should know that ticks will not die or be killed in any natural way, and all that is in the matter is that these methods will only repel ticks or prevent the animal from being infected with ticks, but will not kill “ ticks ”, the most killing methods Ticks are jazz, jazz can kill ticks, but beware of using jazz to kill “ticks ” in the animal’s body, because jazz will harm the skin and fur of the animal if it is poured on it.

Treating ticks with vinegar in cows

Vinegar is one of homemade remedies which can expel ticks from cows if an infection occurs, and to do this, you will put vinegar in a sprayer and fill it half with vinegar and the other half with water or soapy water and scrub the body of the cow well with vinegar and soap, then rinse the cow well with clean water and in this way you will expel Ticks from the cow prevent the spread of infestation.

What is The Best Way to Get Rid of Ticks?

The appearance of a tick in the house may represent a nightmare for the housewife, in addition to the fact that the bite of this insect is painful, and may cause a rash and itching, it may also transmit a lot of bacteria and viruses that cause serious diseases, so it is important, dear, to be aware of how to get rid of As soon as it appears, you must take quick steps to prevent its spread in the home, especially since it is one of the insects that is difficult to get rid of, and it may reappear again after a short period.

Ticks usually appear in homes where there are pets or attached to gardens. It appears in the wood when buying used furniture. If you notice the appearance of a tick in your home, learn with us in this article how you can get rid of it.

Ticks are arthropod insects that belong to the family of arachnids, have eight legs, and feed on the blood of the host, whether it is an animal or a human. , so most of the time you may notice it at night, and unfortunately, the body of the insect is solid, so even with pressure on it, it may not die, so either you carry it with paper towels and throw it at the base of the bathroom, or you try to track it to find out its hiding place, and get rid of it through the following steps:

  1. Do not leave the house in a mess, ticks are insects that can hide anywhere, so get rid of old things, and do not leave any dirty clothes in the laundry box, damp places are a favorite environment for them, so wash clothes, preferably in hot water, and dry them in the sun .
  2. Clean your entire home, dust and wipe shelves and floors, and after dry sprinkle hidden areas, corners, under bedding and furniture with boric acid insect repellent powder.
  3. Use the vacuum cleaner to get rid of ticks hiding in the folds of bedding and furniture, then empty the vacuum bag into a plastic bag and close it tightly, wash it with hot soapy water, and dry it in the sun.
  4. Put your mattresses and pillows out in the sun to ventilate, and leave them until you spray the furniture and floors.
  5. Thoroughly wash all the belongings of any pet you have with soap and water, search the animal itself for the insect and remove it, or use an animal repellent and spray it with it.
  6. Use ready-made insecticides available in the market, intended for ticks, and because some of them have a pungent smell, they may cause problems for young children, so discover in the following how to prepare a natural insect repellent for ticks.

How to prepare an insecticide to eliminate ticks

You can prepare an exterminator to get rid of ticks at home from natural ingredients that are safe for children, and use it on floors, walls and pets as well, just follow these steps:

the ingredients:

  • 2 cups of water.
  • 4 tablespoons white vinegar or apple cider vinegar.
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil.
  • 5 drops lemon oil.

How to prepare:

Mix the ingredients in a clean bottle, shake well before use, and spray it on floors, wood, and sunken areas where ticks may hide.

Treat Tick ​​bites in the following way:

the ingredients:

  • 9 drops lemon oil
  • 6 drops tea tree oil.
  • 6 drops peppermint oil .
  • A tablespoon of almond or jojoba oil.

How to prepare:

Mix the ingredients in a clean bottle, and spray it on the skin, especially for children before bed, to protect them from tick bites. Sprinkle the previous mixture on pieces of cotton, and distribute it under the mattress, and in hidden and damp places and closets.

many ticks

In conclusion,

Getting rid of the tick may need some time and effort from you, because it is one of the insects that reproduce in large numbers, as its female lays approximately 1500 eggs that hatch after several months, which means that they will reappear if you do not get rid of them well, and if you are exposed for a tick bite, try removing the insect using a plastic bag or tweezers, discard it in the bathroom, and disinfecting the bite site with soap and water first, then with a medical antiseptic such as alcohol.

Find out more information about all methods of cleaning and getting rid of household insects and arranging the house in this website, don’t hesitate to put your questions in a single contribution.

10 Best Treatments of Mosquito Bites on Kid’s Eyelids

The worst thing that can happen to you from mosquitoes is that a mosquito bite occurs to the eyelid, as swelling and puffiness occur in the eyelid because it is a sensitive area.

Unfortunately, the mosquito bite causes the eyelid to itch in this area, which makes the patient want to scratch it by any means, which worsen it.

The main cause of swelling caused by mosquito bites on the eyelid, more than any other area of ​​the body, is the sensitivity of the skin in this place.

Even a simple mosquito bite in the eyelid can cause so much swelling that the victim cannot close his eye.

Another reason for this swelling is the accumulation of fluid on the eye due to the bite, and if you lie on your back, you will find the eye has become more swollen, and the color of the eyelid will turn into a pale pink.

What does a mosquito bite on eyelid look like? in the case of mosquito bites on the eyelid, the swelling is somewhat soft and similar to a water balloon, but as soon as this swelling goes away, you will see the red area in which the mosquito bit you.

If you have bad luck and a mosquito bites your kid’s eyelid, don’t panic, you can quickly put some ice on the affected area, as this will reduce the swelling and promote the cure for the bitten eyelid.

10 Best Treatment Methods for mosquito bites on eyelids for kids

We will put in your hands a group of effective homemade treatments with mosquito bites on the eyelid to rescue your child from dangers of skeeter syndrome.

  1. Aloe Vera Gel: useful in treating mosquito bites by applying aloe vera gel to the eyelid which have a soothing effect on the affected area, relieving itching and swelling of mosquito bites. The antibacterial properties of the gel will also prevent the spread of infection, which is why we recommend applying the gel as soon as possible from the time of the mosquito bite .
  2. Antihistamines: If you are afraid of an allergic reaction due to mosquito bites, it is recommended to take an antihistamine, but before you do anything, please consult your doctor as it may has side effects such as drowsiness.
  3. Vinegar: Take a teaspoon of vinegar and mix it with a tablespoon of water, then take a clean, soft cloth and dip its edge into this mixture. Vinegar helps treat mosquito bites for kid’s eyelids. Next, place the edge of the cloth over the bitten area of ​​the eyelid. This will reduce swelling and relieve itching after mosquito bites. If using this remedy on children, have the child lie on his back and make sure his eyes are completely closed. Treatment of mosquito bites using vinegar solution may take some extra time, but it is effective in reducing swelling.
  4. Toothpaste: Yes, Toothpaste is also useful, as it can be applied over the swelling and then put some ice on the affected area until the itch is gone.
  5. Honey: Of course, Honey has natural anti-inflammatory properties and thus is an effective home remedy for mosquito bites for the children’s eyelid. You can simply put honey on the affected eyelid, and leave it for some time. It helps relieve pain and control swelling and inflammation, and yes, you can see results quickly. In the case of children, you should wash after applying honey as it tends to attract other insects that do more harm than good.
  6. Dry soap: Dry bath soap is also a good home remedy for mosquito bites on the eyelid area. Antiseptic soap works well in controlling the swelling caused by bug bites, and so does mosquito netting. Make sure the soap is dry before using it – a new one is preferred – because wet soap can get into the eyes and cause irritation. The herbal soap found at the perfumer and intended for these purposes can also be used.
  7. Epsom salt: Yes, it is also one of the home remedies commonly used to get rid of a mosquito bite on the kid’s eyelid. You can dilute the Epsom salt in water and take a cotton ball, dip it in the solution, and then apply it to the eyelid of the bitten eye. This will help reduce the inflammation, swelling and pain caused by mosquito bites on the eyelid of your child.
  8. Herbal oil: There are plenty of herbal oils available in the market that can be used effectively as a home remedy for mosquito bites. Herbal oils control inflammation and prevent any swelling from growing. The oil most commonly used in case of mosquito bites to the eyelid is lavender oil. Coconut oil is also used because of its anti-inflammatory properties and is also a good home remedy.
  9. Garlic and Onion: This is also an effective home remedy against mosquitoes and is easily available at home. Chopped garlic and onions can be applied directly to the eyelid of the affected eye to reduce the swelling, pain, and inflammation caused by mosquito bites. If you experience pain, don’t use garlic or onion slices directly on bites that inflamed and become a wound.
  10. Baking soda: Yes, Baking soda is a very useful home remedy thanks to its many properties, and it is not surprising that it is useful for mosquito bites in the eyelid area of toddlers. Baking soda has been used as a remedy for various ailments since ancient times, and when mixed with warm water it becomes a useful alkaline solution. The baking soda solution helps calm inflammation and prevent any swelling from growing, and the effect can be seen within a few minutes.
treating eyelid bites of children

Precautions when treating eyelid bites of children

Do not panic if the eyes swell to a large extent after sleep, this is normal because of the accumulation of fluid as we mentioned earlier.

Whatever treatment you use, be careful not to drop even one drop into the eye, especially if you are treating children.

The best way is to use an ice pack as it will treat the swelling immediately. If any complications occur, you should consult a doctor immediately.

Don’t hesitate to ask for help for your bites or unknown insects